The Theatre Olympics was first held in 1994. The project was initiated by the famous theatre director Theodoros Terzopoulos. The first Theatre Olympics took place in 1995, in the cradle of global theatre, the Greek city of Delphi. 

The main idea behind the Theatre Olympics is to bring together various schools of theatre under one banner. During this event the most irreconcilable of opponents, adherents of often directly opposite views on theatre, come together to present the most comprehensive view on the contemporary theatre.

In various years the Theatre Olympics was held in Greece, Japan, Turkey, South Korea, Poland, and China. The Theatre Olympics is returning to Russia for the second time: in 2001 the event was held in Moscow.

In 2019, for the first time in its history, the Theatre Olympics will be heldin two countries at the same time — Russia and Japan. Shows presented by best foreign theatres and national theatres from various Russian regions, as well as lectures and workshops by leading theatre figures will take place in Saint Petersburg and in various regions of Russia from June to December 2019. An extensive exchange program with Japan will take place.